There are many reasons it can be hard to pull together an emergency fund. Saving three to six months’ worth of readily available cash to pay unforeseen expenses, as some professionals recommend, can seem like an impossible feat. Even before the COVID-19 pandemic, many Canadians were struggling to pay increasing housing costs and skyrocketing rent, and wages weren’t keeping pace with the cost of living. You don’t have to be living paycheque-to-paycheque to make saving for a rainy day feel like a luxury.
Yet here we are. Maybe your business has shuttered or perhaps you are out of work. You may be wondering how you are going to get food on the table or pay the electricity bill. Here are a few points to think about for emergency money when you don’t have an emergency fund.
Apply for benefits
Even if you aren’t eligible for employment insurance, the federal government has instituted a number of benefits that Canadians, individuals and businesses may be able to access. The government has implemented wide-ranging emergency response benefits for many Canadians who are out of work or otherwise experiencing a loss or interruption of their income. For businesses, the government has instituted wage subsidies, credit and low-interest loans. Research what may be available for you and consider applying as soon as you are able. There may be waiting periods, and it could take some time for money to reach you or your bank account.
This can be a time to really consider tightening your belt. That means that every purchase you make should be met with the tough question: “Do I need this now?” Beyond cutting discretionary spending, you may also look at ways you can pare down your life, which could include selling items, or ending memberships and subscriptions you can live without. Consider deferral options that your bank may be offering for mortgages, loans and credit cards. You might also take this time to revisit your retirement plan, reviewing what monthly contributions you’re making toward your long-term goals. Many of us may have grown used to dining out or ordering take-out frequently. Prepared foods can be expensive. Consider buying groceries and preparing more food at home. Many of us have more time to plan meals right now.
Considering using tax efficient investment options
If you are contemplating cashing in some investments to keep you afloat, consider any potential tax implications. Using money from, for example, a TFSA can be tax-efficient, since the money you withdraw is tax-free. Using money from a non-registered investment may result in paying taxes on capital gains, while using money from an RRSP will be subject to withholding tax, and will be added to your taxable income for the year. Withdrawing from an RRSP also means you permanently lose that contribution room. There can be exceptions: Sometimes a non-registered investment can have a capital loss that may reduce your taxes. And if your annual personal income is expected to be very low, withdrawing from an RRSP could be a good long-term strategy if you think this could be a year when your taxable income will be at its lowest. Where to withdraw funds is a personal strategy and should be taken with care.
Assess credit options
If you own a house, a home equity line of credit (HELOC) may allow you to borrow money at a low interest rate. But keep in mind that if you can’t make your minimum payments, you could risk losing your home. Other unsecured loans may be available to you, and with interest rates recently being cut, interest might be low, making it more affordable to borrow right now. If at all possible, you should try to avoid using high-interest credit cards and payday loans.
Tracking your expenses and income using your bank’s online app — such as TD MySpend — can help you see if you are keeping your head above water. In an emergency financial situation, you should be continuously adjusting as things change, your bank’s online app can be used to monitor your income and expenditures so that you can assess your financial situation quickly. Check with your financial provider to find more articles and information about managing your finances during this unprecedented time. If you are TD retail customer, you can find more information here.